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我們修正的英文錯誤

Rejection Common Errors
  • 被動語態修正 Active voice corrections
  • 使用過多名詞而非動詞 Noun to verb change corrections
  • 使用強勢動詞 Creating strong verbs
  • 避免過度使用 “It" and “There"
  • 不清楚的代名詞 Use pronouns clearly (they, which, them, this, it, he, she, etc.)
  • 多餘和無用的詞句 Deleting redundancy and extra words (while maintaining the author’s meaning)
  • 動詞時態變化 Verb tense change within a sentence
  • 不完整的對照比較 Omitting comparisons
  • 主詞和動詞無法對應 Subject and verb agreement

期刊論文遇重大修改或被拒絕的理由

  • Poor writing style and use of English
  • Subject of little novel interest or not generally applicable
  • Authors did not follow manuscript instructions
  • Poor quality supporting figures
  • Not enough contribution to field
  • Faulty methodology
  • Outside the scope of journal
  • Poor written discussion
  • Inadequate references
  • Title not representative of study

以下是根據編修和審閱員的評語,迫使期刊論文被要求修改或退件的英文寫作錯誤

  • Redundancy
  • Verb Tense
  • Passive Voice Errors
  • Weak Verbs
  • Verb Agreement
  • Omitting Comparisons
  • Clear Pronouns
  • Poor written discussion
  • “It” and “There”
  • Noun Verb issues

(以上資料是從175問審閱員(Reviewer)及編修們在三年期間的評語抽樣而成的。每位作者的錯誤會有所不同。)


我們修改文法,包括名詞與動詞使用的問題(強勢與弱勢的動詞、動詞形態、動詞/主詞相通)、澄清代名詞、修改並刪除冗詞贅句。我們的編修師也會建議可代替的辭彙或是提醒您將句子從被動語態改成主動語態。

我們的編修師能將您的論文修改得更清楚易懂,替換不適當的辭彙,也修正拼字與文法上的錯誤。為了改進您稿子的組織性及清晰度,有必要時我們也會改變句子的順序。我們將需要修改的部分清楚的標明出來供您參考,您可自行決定是否接受我們做的改變。

以下是我們在做編修時會做的修改類型 :

  • 被動語態修正 Active voice corrections
  • 使用過多名詞而非動詞 Noun to verb change corrections
  • 使用強勢動詞 Creating strong verbs
  • 避免過度使用 “It” and “There”
  • 不清楚的代名詞 Use pronouns clearly (they, which, them, this, it, he, she, etc.)
  • 多餘和無用的詞句 Deleting redundancy and extra words (while maintaining the author’s meaning)
  • 動詞時態變化 Verb tense change within a sentence
  • 不完整的對照比較 Omitting comparisons
  • 主詞和動詞無法對應 Subject and verb agreement

被動語態修正 Active voice corrections

“Generally, I think you could improve the whole paper by using more active voice sentences. It will improve the flow and allow the reader to follow your meaning.” 1st Reviewer, Journal of Hydrology”

Examples:

原句Original:
Identification of poor food, bad housing, inadequate hygiene and large families as the major causes of poverty was made by Jones (2005).
修正Modified:
Jones (2005) identifies poor food, bad housing, inadequate hygiene and large families as the major causes of poverty.

原句Original:
Consideration of whether countries work well on cross-border issues such as immigration is undertaken by Raul (2007).
修正Modified:
Raul (2007) considers whether countries work well on cross-border issues such as immigration.

使用過多名詞而非動詞 Noun to verb change corrections

“It seems that many of your errors come from your using nouns instead of verbs. This makes your sentence longer because you need additional “meaningless” verbs to complete your sentences.” Associate Editor, Journal of Retailing

Examples:

原句Original:
Enumeration of three reasons why the English language has become so important was made by Thompson (2006).
修正Modified:
Thompson (2006) enumerates three reasons why the English language has become so important.

原句Original:
Discussion of the challenges and strategies for facilitation and promotion of ERP is performed by Smith (2007).
修正Modified:
Smith (2007) discusses the challenges and strategies for facilitating and promoting ERP.

使用強勢動詞 Creating strong verbs

“Another suggestion for your paper is to find a native editor to help you with your verb use. Strong verbs move sentences. Helping verbs often confuse the reader in your technical descriptions.”Reviewer, Journal of Technology Management

Examples:

原句Original:
Smith (2003) asks the questions as to whether conventional methods are the best environment for execution.
修正Modified:
Smith (2003) questions whether conventional methods are the best environment for execution.

原句Original:
Smith (2008) makes use of examples of these various techniques as evidence that innovation continues.
修正Modified:
Rao (2008) uses examples of these various techniques as evidence that innovation continues.

避免過度使用”It” and “There.” Avoid starting sentences with the words, “It” and “There”

Your sentences are too long, especially your methods section! Try cutting them into individual units of complete thought instead of stringing together thoughts without stopping for breath.”– Reviewer, Journal of Water Resource Management

Examples:

原句Original:
It was vital that quantitative measures would usefully supplement and extend the qualitative analysis.
修正Modified:
Quantitative measures must usefully supplement and extend qualitative analysis.

原句Original:
It is necessary that the best method to adopt for this investigation was to determined by the committee.
修正Modified:
The committee must decide the best method to adopt for this investigation.

不清楚的代名詞 Use pronouns clearly (they, which, them, this, it, he, she, etc.)

“Line 12 on page 3 of your paper is an example of your ongoing problem using pronouns clearly. There are at least 3 different nouns “it” could refer to. You must make your pronoun references clear!” -3rd Reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging

Examples:

原句Original:
A case study approach was chosen, this allowed a closer observation of a single specimen.
修正Modified:
A case study approach was chosen to allow a closer observation of a single specimen.

原句Original:
In most recent studies, they measure X in four different ways.
修正Modified:
In most recent studies, X is measured in four different ways.

多餘和無用的詞句 Deleting redundancy and extra words (while maintaining the author’s meaning)

“The whole paper should be shorter. I am confident that you could say everything you need to in 30% less space.” – Reviewer, IEEE Journal of Engineering Management

Examples:

原句Original:
It may be said that there are not fewer than one explanation which could this result.
修正Modified:
There are several possible explanations for this result.

原句Original:
The current study was unable, insofar as we could determine, to analyze these variables.
修正Modified:
The current study was unable to analyze these variables.

動詞時態變化 Verb tense change within a sentence

“Your discussion section changes verb tense often. Sometimes you change several times within a sentence. It makes it difficult to understand what has been done and what you are still planning to do” – Reviewer, IEEE Signal Processing Letters

Examples:

原句Original:
All studies described as using the X procedure are included in the analysis.
修正Modified:
All studies described as using the X procedure were included in the analysis.

原句Original:
X will be synthesized using the same method that was detailed for Y, using CO2.
修正Modified:
X was synthesized using the same method that was detailed for Y, using CO2.

不完整的對照比較 Omitting comparisons

“Line 20 of page 2 should read, ‘The finance department focuses on profits more than their department does.'” -1st Reviewer, Finance Review

Examples:

原句Original:
Country A funds high tech innovation more than Country B.
修正Modified:
Country A funds high tech innovation more than Country B does.

原句Original:
The device formulated in this experiment has higher luminance.
修正Modified:
The device formulated in this experiment has higher luminance than conventional models.

主詞和動詞無法對應 Subject and verb agreement

“Read the submission guidelines! English should be checked first! There are many basic errors that should have been corrected throughout this paper.” Reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics

Examples:

原句Original:
This paper seek to address the following questions:
Modified:
This paper seeks to address the following questions:

原句Original:
However, there have been no controlled studies which compare difference in X and Y.
修正Modified:
However, there have been no controlled studies which compare differences in X and Y.

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